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植物病毒在媒介昆虫体内的垂直传播研究进展
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引用本文:石俊霞,王超楠,周军贤,姜帆,朱水芳,李志红.植物病毒在媒介昆虫体内的垂直传播研究进展.植物保护学报,2022,49(2):439-449
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2020179
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作者单位E-mail
石俊霞 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193
中国检验检疫科学研究院植物检疫研究所, 北京 100176 
 
王超楠 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193
中国检验检疫科学研究院植物检疫研究所, 北京 100176 
 
周军贤 重庆市云阳县农业技术服务中心, 重庆 404500  
姜帆 中国检验检疫科学研究院植物检疫研究所, 北京 100176  
朱水芳 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193
中国检验检疫科学研究院植物检疫研究所, 北京 100176 
zhusf@caiq.gov.cn 
李志红 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193 lizh@cau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:对于多数植物病毒而言,其在田间的自然扩散主要依赖昆虫等介体生物,而媒介昆虫的垂直传播是植物病毒长期存在并发生的重要原因。对媒介昆虫垂直传播病毒机制的研究不仅可以为未来开发高效低毒农药奠定基础,更可为植物病毒与昆虫的互作和病毒病的预测预报提供新的视野及角度。媒介昆虫在植物病毒传播过程中的具体作用在近几年被广泛研究。该文综述了近年来植物病毒在昆虫体内垂直传播的研究进展,包括昆虫传播植物病毒的方式、植物病毒在昆虫体内的垂直传播方式以及虫媒病毒垂直传播的可能机制等。在整个垂直传播的过程中,植物病毒的衣壳蛋白、磷蛋白和媒介昆虫唐氏综合症细胞黏附分子、硫酸乙酰肝素糖蛋白、热激蛋白以及卵黄原蛋白,甚至共生菌都有参与。最后,基于媒介昆虫和植物病毒的关系对未来植物病毒病的绿色防控和生物防控进行了展望。
中文关键词:植物病毒  媒介昆虫  垂直传播  病毒受体  分子生物学
 
Research advances in vertical transmission of plant viruses in vector insects
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
SHI Jun-xia MARA Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Institute of Plan Quarantine, Chinese Academy of Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100176, China 
 
WANG Chao-nan MARA Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Institute of Plan Quarantine, Chinese Academy of Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100176, China 
 
ZHOU Jun-xian Agricultural Technology Service Center of Yunyang County, Chongqing 404500, China  
JIANG Fan Institute of Plan Quarantine, Chinese Academy of Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100176, China  
ZHU Shui-fang MARA Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Institute of Plan Quarantine, Chinese Academy of Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100176, China 
zhusf@caiq.gov.cn 
LI Zhi-hong MARA Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China lizh@cau.edu.cn 
Abstract:The natural spread of most plant viruses in the field mainly depends on mediator organisms such as insects. The vertical transmission from insects to their offspring is a leading reason for the longstanding problem of plant virus. Studies on the vertical propagation mechanisms of the virus in vectors not only lay the foundation for future development of high-efficient and low toxic pesticides, but also provide a new research field for the prediction of virus disease and the interaction between plant viruses and insects. The vertical propagation of plant viruses in insects and its mechanisms have studied extensively during recent years. This paper reviewed research advances in this field, including the characteristics of virus transmitted by insects, the vertical propagation of plant viruses in insects, and the possible mechanism of the vertical propagation. Throughout the vertical propagation of plant viruses, the participants include: capsid proteins, phosphoproteins of plant viruses; down syndrome cell adhesion molecule,heparan sulfate glycoproteins, heat shock proteins, and vitellogenin of the medium insect; and symbiotic bacteria. Finally, based on the relationship between vector insects and plant viruses, the future green and biological approaches to prevention and control of plant virus diseases were prospected.
keywords:plant virus  vector insect  vertical transmission  virus receptor  molecular biology
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