• 首页 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 联系我们 | 期刊订阅 | English
蝗虫对高温的耐受性及其机制的研究进展
点此下载全文
引用本文:高学民,季荣.蝗虫对高温的耐受性及其机制的研究进展.植物保护学报,2022,49(2):450-459
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2022829
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
作者单位E-mail
高学民 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学自治区重点实验室, 新疆特殊环境物种多样性应用与调控教育厅重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054
山东中科益虫资源综合利用技术创新中心, 东营市农业益虫资源综合利用技术研发重点实验室, 东营 257000 
 
季荣 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学自治区重点实验室, 新疆特殊环境物种多样性应用与调控教育厅重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054 jirong@xjnu.edu.cn 
中文摘要:全球气候变化日益加剧,给昆虫等变温动物的发育和繁殖带来巨大影响,进而影响其种群动态分布甚至物种生存。蝗虫作为世界上最重要的农业害虫种类之一,对于温度等气候变化非常敏感,其种群动态及成灾程度与温度变化密切相关。近年来,除了低温耐受性,蝗虫对高温的耐受能力也很强。成虫的致死温度高达40℃左右。在短时高温下,蝗虫可以通过体内抗逆物质及酶含量的变化机制、不连续气体交换循环呼吸代谢模式以及体温调节行为来避免机体受到损伤,甚至短时高温往往有利于蝗虫交配。蝗虫自身的体温调节行为,在其适应环境和抵御病菌方面起着关键性作用,大大增加了蝗虫的生存能力。该文综述近年来蝗虫对高温耐受性的研究进展,加深全球气候变暖背景下对蝗虫种群发生规律的认识。
中文关键词:蝗虫  温度耐性  全球气候变化
 
Advances in high-temperature tolerance of locusts and its mechanism
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
GAO Xue-min Key Laboratory of Special Environment Biodiversity Application and Regulation in Xinjiang, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Special Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology, International Research Center for Key the Collaborative Containment of Cross-Border Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
Dongying Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Comprehensive Utilization Technology of Agricultural Beneficial Insect Resources, Shandong Zhongke Beneficial Insect Resources Comprehensive Utilization Technology Innovation Center, Dongying 257000, Shandong Province, China 
 
JI Rong Key Laboratory of Special Environment Biodiversity Application and Regulation in Xinjiang, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Special Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology, International Research Center for Key the Collaborative Containment of Cross-Border Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China jirong@xjnu.edu.cn 
Abstract:Global climate change has a great impact on the development, growth and reproduction of insects and other heterothermic animals, which affects their population dynamics, distribution and even survival. Locusts, as one of the most important agricultural pests in the world, are very sensitive to climate change, especially global warming. There is a close correlation between population dynamics, outbreak and temperature change. In recent years, more and more researches have focused on the hightemperature tolerance of locust adults. The lethal temperature of locust adults is as high as about 40℃.Under short-term environmental high temperature, locusts can avoid body damage through the accumulation of stress resistant substances and enzyme content, the change of discontinuous gas exchange cycle(DGC) respiratory metabolism mode, and thermoregulation behavior. Short-term high temperature is often conducive to locust mating. Thermoregulation behavior of locusts plays a key role in their adaptation to the environment and resistance to bacteria, which greatly increases the locust's viability. Here we summaried recent research progresses in locust high-temperature tolerance, which helps to understand the outbreak of locust disaster and its sustainable management in the context of global warming.
keywords:grasshopper  temperature tolerance  global climate change
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
您是本站第  6355836 版权所有:植物保护学报    京ICP备05006550号-2  
主管单位:中国科协 主办单位:中国植物保护学会、中国农业大学 地址:北京市圆明园西路2号 中国农业大学植物保护学院 植物保护学报编辑部
电话:010-62732528 电子邮件:zbxb@cau.edu.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司

etiller();