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番茄枯萎病菌转录因子FolMsn2的生物学功能
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引用本文:王如锋,陈江峰,林定山,云英子,王宗华,汤蔚.番茄枯萎病菌转录因子FolMsn2的生物学功能.植物保护学报,2022,49(2):486-496
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2020142
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作者单位E-mail
王如锋 福建农林大学, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002  
陈江峰 福建农林大学, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002  
林定山 福建省永春县植保植检站, 泉州 362600  
云英子 福建农林大学, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002  
王宗华 福建农林大学, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002
闽江学院海洋研究院, 福州 350108 
 
汤蔚 福建农林大学, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002 tangw@fafu.edu.cn 
中文摘要:为探究转录因子FolMsn2在番茄枯萎病菌Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.lycopersici生长发育及致病过程中的作用,以番茄枯萎病菌野生型菌株4287为材料,利用基因敲除方法获得Folmsn2基因缺失突变体△Folmsn2及回补体菌株△Folmsn2-C,通过测定菌株的生长速率、孢子产量及致病力等表型初步分析番茄枯萎病菌中FolMSN2的生物学功能。结果显示,与野生型菌株4287相比,Folmsn2基因敲除突变体△Folmsn2生长速率显著减慢,菌株产孢量显著下降,仅为野生型菌株4287产孢量的6.7%;外界环境压力胁迫试验结果显示,Folmsn2基因缺失突变体△Folmsn2对渗透压、盐胁迫的敏感性显著提高,而对细胞壁、氧化压力胁迫变得更加耐受。此外,Folmsn2基因缺失突变体△Folmsn2对番茄苗及果实的致病力显著下降,进一步分析发现Folmsn2基因缺失影响其对玻璃纸的穿透能力;亚细胞定位结果表明,FolMsn2蛋白定位于细胞核内。表明FolMsn2参与调控番茄枯萎病菌的营养生长、无性繁殖以及对不同环境胁迫的应答过程,其可能通过影响菌丝对寄主的穿透能力来影响番茄枯萎病菌的致病力。
中文关键词:番茄枯萎病菌  FolMsn2  无性繁殖  穿透  致病力
 
Biological function of transcription factor FolMsn2 in fungal plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
WANG Ru-feng State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and TaiwanCrops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
CHEN Jiang-feng State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and TaiwanCrops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
LIN Ding-shan Plant Protection and Quarantine Station, Yongchun, Quanzhou 362600, Fujian Province, China  
YUN Ying-zi State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and TaiwanCrops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
WANG Zong-hua State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and TaiwanCrops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China
Institute of Oceanography, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, Fujian Province, China 
 
TANG Yu State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and TaiwanCrops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China tangw@fafu.edu.cn 
Abstract:To determine the function of transcription factor FolMsn2 in development and pathogenesis of fungal plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, deletion mutant △Folmsn2 was obtained from the wild type strain 4287 and the complemented strain △Folmsn2-C was generated from mutant. Phenotypic analysis about growth rate, conidiation, and pathogenicity revealed that, compared with the wild-type strain, the FolMSN2 gene knock-out mutant displayed a significantly decrease in hyphal growth rate and a dramatic reduction in conidiation (only 6.7% of the wild type strain); external environmental stress assays found that the FolMSN2 gene knock-out mutant was more sensitive to osmotic, and salt stress but was more tolerant to cell wall and oxidative stresses. Moreover, the mutant had a significant reduction in pathogenicity and compromised penetration ability on the cellophane paper; the cellular localization of FolMsn2 revealed that FolMsn2 localized to the nuclear of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. The results indicated that FolMsn2 contributed to vegetative growth, asexual reproduction, and external environmental stress response, and might be involved in the pathogenicity of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici by regulating the penetration process.
keywords:Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici  FolMsn2  asexual reproduction  penetration  pathogenicity
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