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基于两性生命表评价取食柑橘木虱对六斑月瓢虫和龟纹瓢虫生长发育及种群的影响
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引用本文:周军辉,徐腾,李鹏雷,黄建,王竹红.基于两性生命表评价取食柑橘木虱对六斑月瓢虫和龟纹瓢虫生长发育及种群的影响.植物保护学报,2022,49(2):629-636
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2020311
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作者单位E-mail
周军辉 福建农林大学植物保护学院, 福州 350002
新疆农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部西北荒漠作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830091 
 
徐腾 福建农林大学植物保护学院, 福州 350002  
李鹏雷 福建农林大学植物保护学院, 福州 350002  
黄建 福建农林大学植物保护学院, 福州 350002  
王竹红 福建农林大学植物保护学院, 福州 350002 wzhuhong@126.com 
中文摘要:为有效防控重要害虫柑橘木虱Diaphorina citri,在实验室条件下测定取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫Cheilomenes sexmaculata和龟纹瓢虫Propylea japonica各虫态的发育历期,利用构建的年龄-阶段两性生命表对取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫、龟纹瓢虫生长发育及其种群参数进行研究。结果显示,取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫羽化前的发育历期为14.80 d,显著长于取食柑橘木虱后龟纹瓢虫的14.41 d;取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫和龟纹瓢虫产卵期分别为15.88 d和10.23 d,前者显著长于后者;取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫净增殖率、内禀增长率和周限增长率分别为25.48、0.10 d-1和1.10 d-1,取食柑橘木虱后龟纹瓢虫净增殖率、内禀增长率和周限增长率分别为14.13、0.06 d-1和1.06 d-1,均低于取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫;取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫和龟纹瓢虫的平均世代周期分别为33.87 d和44.95 d,前者显著短于后者。表明取食柑橘木虱后六斑月瓢虫和龟纹瓢虫均能完成整个世代,且六斑月瓢虫种群增长优于龟纹瓢虫,可大规模繁殖六斑月瓢虫,可用于柑橘木虱的生物防治。
中文关键词:六斑月瓢虫  龟纹瓢虫  柑橘木虱  年龄-阶段两性生命表
 
Effects of Diaphorina citri feeding on the growth and development and population parameters of Cheilomenes sexmaculata and Propylea japonica based on two-sex life tables
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZHOU Jun-hui College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China
Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Harmful Crop Vermin of China Northwestern Oasis, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 
 
XU Teng College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
LI Peng-lei College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
HUANG Jian College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China  
WANG Zhu-hong College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China wzhuhong@126.com 
Abstract:In order to effectively control Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri, the developmental durations of Cheilomenes sexmaculata and Propylea japonica feeding on D. citri were measured under the laboratory conditions, and the growth, development and population parameters of C. sexmaculata and P.japonica were evaluated by the age-stage two-sex life tables. The results showed that the developmental duration of C. sexmaculata feeding on D. citri was 14.80 d, which was significantly longer than that of P.japonica(14.41 d). The oviposition period of C. sexmaculata and P. japonica feeding on D. citri were15.88 d and 10.23 d, respectively, and the former were significantly longer than the latter. The net reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase and finite rate of increase of C. sexmaculata were 25.48, 0.10 d-1 and 1.10 d-1, respectively; the net reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase and finite rate of increase of P. japonica were 14.13, 0.06 d-1, 1.06 d-1, respectively, which were all lower than those of the former.However, the mean generation time of C. sexmaculata was 33.87 d, which was significantly shorter than that of P. japonica(44.95 d). The results suggested that C. sexmaculata and P. japonica feeding on D. citr could complete their whole generations, and the population growth of C. sexmaculata was better than that of P. japonica, which indicated that massive rearing of C. sexmaculata can be used for biocontrol of D. citri.
keywords:Cheilomenes sexmaculata  Propylea japonica  Diaphorina citri  age-stage two-sex life tables
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