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植保无人机飞防助剂与杀虫剂配伍方式对其防治稻纵卷叶螟效果的影响
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引用本文:资乐,臧禹,黄俊浩,包瑞峰,周志艳.植保无人机飞防助剂与杀虫剂配伍方式对其防治稻纵卷叶螟效果的影响.植物保护学报,2023,50(2):538-544
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2023.2021096
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作者单位E-mail
资乐 华南农业大学工程学院, 广东省农业人工智能重点实验室, 广州 510642
广东省农业航空应用工程技术研究中心, 广州 510642
华南农业大学, 南方农业机械与装备关键技术教育部重点实验室, 广州 510642 
 
臧禹 广州商学院信息技术与工程学院, 广州 511363  
黄俊浩 华南农业大学工程学院, 广东省农业人工智能重点实验室, 广州 510642
广东省农业航空应用工程技术研究中心, 广州 510642
华南农业大学, 南方农业机械与装备关键技术教育部重点实验室, 广州 510642 
 
包瑞峰 华南农业大学工程学院, 广东省农业人工智能重点实验室, 广州 510642
广东省农业航空应用工程技术研究中心, 广州 510642
华南农业大学, 南方农业机械与装备关键技术教育部重点实验室, 广州 510642 
 
周志艳 华南农业大学工程学院, 广东省农业人工智能重点实验室, 广州 510642
广东省农业航空应用工程技术研究中心, 广州 510642
华南农业大学, 南方农业机械与装备关键技术教育部重点实验室, 广州 510642 
zyzhou@scau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:为探究不同类型飞防助剂与杀虫剂配伍方式对其防治稻纵卷叶螟Cnaphalocrocis medinalis效果的影响,以杀虫剂、飞防助剂和施药液量为因素设计3因素4水平的正交试验,通过方差分析(analysis of variance,ANOVA)对各因素的显著性水平进行分析,确定对稻纵卷叶螟具有理想防效的配伍方式。结果表明,杀虫剂和飞防助剂对防治稻纵卷叶螟的效果均有极显著影响,施药液量对防治稻纵卷叶螟的效果无显著影响。施药后第15天,杀虫剂选择10%甲维·茚虫威悬浮剂、飞防助剂选择有机硅、施药液量选择30.0 L/hm2的配伍方式对稻纵卷叶螟的防效较好,达84.32%。飞防助剂并非对所有杀虫剂都具有同等增效,其中聚合物助剂对5%氯虫苯甲酰胺悬浮剂的增效显著高于对其他3种杀虫剂的增效,植物油助剂对12%甲维·虫螨腈悬浮剂的增效显著低于对其他3种杀虫剂的增效,有机硅助剂对4种杀虫剂的增效均较好。
中文关键词:植保无人机  稻纵卷叶螟  飞防助剂  杀虫剂  配伍方式  防效  增效
 
Influence of adjuvants and pesticides on the control efficacy against rice caseworm Cnaphalocrocis medinalis using crop protection unmanned aircraft system
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zi Le Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Artificial Intelligence, College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Agricultural Aviation Application, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Key Laboratory of Key Technology on Agricultural Machine and Equipment, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Zang Yu School of Information technology and Engineering, Guangzhou College of Commerce, Guangzhou 511363, Guangdong Province, China  
Huang Junhao Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Artificial Intelligence, College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Agricultural Aviation Application, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Key Laboratory of Key Technology on Agricultural Machine and Equipment, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Bao Ruifeng Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Artificial Intelligence, College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Agricultural Aviation Application, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Key Laboratory of Key Technology on Agricultural Machine and Equipment, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Zhou Zhiyan Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Artificial Intelligence, College of Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Agricultural Aviation Application, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Key Laboratory of Key Technology on Agricultural Machine and Equipment, Ministry of Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
zyzhou@scau.edu.cn 
Abstract:In order to explore the influence of different types of adjuvants and pesticides on the control efficacy against rice caseworm Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, this study designed a three-factor, four-level orthogonal experiment on pesticides, adjuvants and spray volume. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to analyze the effects of each factor. The results showed that both pesticides and adjuvants had highly significant effects on the control efficacy against C. medinalis, while spray volume had no significant effects. On the fifteenth day after the spraying, 10% emamectin benzoate·indoxacard SC and organosilicon adjuvant at 30.0 L/hm2 spray volume had better control efficacy, reaching 84.32%. Adjuvants were not equally synergistic to all pesticides. The synergistic effect of the polymer adjuvant on 5% chlorantraniliprole SC was significantly higher than that on the other three pesticides. The synergistic effect of the plant oil adjuvant on 12% emamectin benzoate·chlorfenapyr SC was significantly lower than that on the other three pesticides, and the organosilicon adjuvant had the best synergies on the four pesticides.
keywords:crop protection unmanned aircraft system  Cnaphalocrocis medinalis  adjuvants  pesticides  compatibility method  control efficacy  synergia
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