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日本平腹小蜂滞育解除条件及其在广州市田间的越冬情况
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引用本文:赵灿,夏玥,张宝鑫,李敦松.日本平腹小蜂滞育解除条件及其在广州市田间的越冬情况.植物保护学报,2023,50(5):1130-1136
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2023.2023804
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作者单位E-mail
赵灿 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部华南果蔬绿色防控重点实验室, 广东省植物保护新技术重点实验室, 广州 510640  
夏玥 华南农业大学植物保护学院, 广州 510640  
张宝鑫 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部华南果蔬绿色防控重点实验室, 广东省植物保护新技术重点实验室, 广州 510640  
李敦松 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部华南果蔬绿色防控重点实验室, 广东省植物保护新技术重点实验室, 广州 510640 dsli@gdppri.cn 
中文摘要:为明确日本平腹小蜂Anastatus japonicus Ashmead滞育解除的环境影响因子,于室内对不同光周期(10 L∶14 D和16 L∶8 D)、不同温度(17、24和27℃)及10℃低温刺激下日本平腹小蜂滞育解除率和滞育解除历期进行对比,并在广州市田间对越冬代日本平腹小蜂自然羽化情况进行调查。结果显示,高温长光照和低温短光照均可以解除日本平腹小蜂滞育,但是相对于低温短光照,高温长光照的滞育解除率更高,滞育解除历期更短,其中温度27℃、光周期16 L∶8 D条件下日本平腹小蜂的滞育解除率最高,滞育解除历期最短,分别为98.09%和22.95 d。低温刺激不是日本平腹小蜂滞育解除的必需条件,10℃下储存时间越长,滞育解除历期越短。日本平腹小蜂在田间以老熟幼虫越冬,当月平均气温达到20℃以上时开始缓慢羽化,在广州市的越冬时间长达4.5~7.0个月。表明日本平腹小蜂滞育解除最适宜的条件为温度27℃和光周期16 L∶8 D。
中文关键词:日本平腹小蜂  滞育解除  越冬  温度  光周期
 
Diapause termination of parasitoid wasp Anastatus japonicus Ashmead and its overwintering in the field in Guangzhou
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zhao Can Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of High Technology for Plant Protection
Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control on Fruits and Vegetables in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Plant Protection Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Xia Yue College of Plant Protection, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China  
Zhang Baoxin Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of High Technology for Plant Protection
Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control on Fruits and Vegetables in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Plant Protection Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Li Dunsong Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of High Technology for Plant Protection
Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control on Fruits and Vegetables in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Plant Protection Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China 
dsli@gdppri.cn 
Abstract:To clarify the environmental factors affecting the termination of diapause in parasitoid wasp Anastatus japonicus, this study explored the effects of photoperiods (10 L∶14 D and 16 L∶8 D), temperatures (17, 24 and 27 ℃) and low-temperature stimulation (10 ℃) on the diapause termination of A. japonicus under laboratory conditions. The eclosion of the overwintering A. japonicus in the field of Guangzhou was also investigated. The results showed that both high temperature with long photoperiod and low temperature with short photoperiod could terminate the diapause of A. japonicus. However, the rate of diapause termination was higher and the duration of diapause termination was shorter under high temperature with long photoperiod when compared with low temperature with short photoperiod. At a temperature of 27 ℃ and a photoperiod of 16 L∶8 D, the diapause termination rate and period was the highest and shortest (98.09% and 22.95 d respectively). Low-temperature stimulation was not a necessary condition for diapause termination of A. japonicus. The longer the storage time at 10 ℃, the shorter the diapause termination duration. Anastatus japonicus overwintered as mature larvae inside host eggs. When the monthly average temperature reached above 20 ℃, the overwintering A. japonicus began to emerge, with an overwintering period of 4.5 to 7.0 months in the field of Guangzhou. These results indicated that the optimal temperature and photoperiod for diapause termination of A. japonicus was 27 ℃ and 16 L∶8 D, respectively.
keywords:Anastatus japonicus  diapause termination  overwintering  temperature  photoperiod
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