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生物农药白僵菌杀虫剂的研发进展
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引用本文:农向群,王广君,王以燕,李梅,袁善奎,冯士骞,涂雄兵,张泽华.生物农药白僵菌杀虫剂的研发进展.植物保护学报,2024,51(2):278-293
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2024.2023023
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作者单位E-mail
农向群 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193 xqnong@sina.com 
王广君 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193  
王以燕 农业农村部农药检定所, 北京 100125  
李梅 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193  
袁善奎 农业农村部农药检定所, 北京 100125 yuanshankui@agri.gov.cn 
冯士骞 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193  
涂雄兵 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193  
张泽华 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害综合治理全国重点实验室, 北京 100193  
中文摘要:生物农药在植物保护和生态维护中的作用越来越受到重视。白僵菌Beauveria spp.是昆虫病原真菌的典型代表,经长期大量地研究、发掘和试验,逐渐发展成为一类重要的生物杀虫剂。该文从研发白僵菌杀虫剂的角度,对其分类鉴别、菌种选育、大量培养与发酵生产、产品制剂化与规范化等方面的研究进展进行综述,提出研发过程中存在的问题,并从菌种基因层面及与植物互作角度对提升产品功效进行展望,以期为促进白僵菌杀虫剂的研发提供参考,也为其他杀虫真菌的研发提供有益借鉴。
中文关键词:真菌杀虫剂  白僵菌鉴定  菌种选育  规模化培养  真菌农药制剂
 
Advances in development of Beauveria entomopathogenic fungi as bio-insecticides
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Nong Xiangqun State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China xqnong@sina.com 
Wang Guangjun State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Wang Yiyan Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100125, China  
Li Mei State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Yuan Shankui Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100125, China yuanshankui@agri.gov.cn 
Feng Shiqian State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Tu Xiongbing State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Zhang Zehua State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Abstract:Biopesticides have gained increasing attention for their role in plant protection and ecological maintenance. Beauveria, a typical genus in entomopathogenic fungi, has gradually become a key source of bio-insecticides after extensive research and experimentation. From the perspective of pest control, this paper reviewed the research progress in the classification and identification of Beauveria species, strain breeding, mass cultivation and fermentation production, as well as product preparation and standardization. The problems and difficulties encounter during the development process were highlighted. In addition, the potential for improving product efficacy through genetic modification and plant interactions was discussed. It aims to promote the advancement of Beauveria-based insecticides and serve as a reference for other fungal insecticides.
keywords:fungal pesticides  identification of Beauveria species  strain breeding  large-scale cultivation  fungal pesticide formulation
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