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昆虫隐存种的鉴定方法及其在有害生物防控与物种保护中的应用
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引用本文:王茗毅,毛锐锐,周昊,张楚格,魏淑花,张锋,欧阳芳.昆虫隐存种的鉴定方法及其在有害生物防控与物种保护中的应用.植物保护学报,2024,51(3):511-526
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2024.2023096
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作者单位E-mail
王茗毅 河北大学生命科学学院, 保定 071002
中国科学院动物研究所, 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101 
 
毛锐锐 中国科学院动物研究所, 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101  
周昊 中国科学院动物研究所, 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049 
 
张楚格 中国科学院动物研究所, 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
福建农林大学安溪茶学院, 泉州 362406
福建农林大学植物保护学院, 闽台作物有害生物生态防控国家重点实验室, 福州 350002 
 
魏淑花 宁夏农林科学院植物保护研究所, 银川 750002  
张锋 河北大学生命科学学院, 保定 071002  
欧阳芳 中国科学院动物研究所, 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101 ouyangf@ioz.ac.cn 
中文摘要:昆虫中存在很多外部形态高度相似但具生殖隔离的隐存种,这给物种分类和相关研究带来更多挑战。目前,关于昆虫隐存种的研究日益受到关注。该文基于筛选出的368篇中文文献对昆虫隐存种的鉴定方法及其潜在研究价值和应用领域进行系统总结,发现自2003年DNA条形码技术提出以来,关于昆虫隐存种分类的研究迅速增加,已有鉴定方法可概括为4类,分别为分子分类(298篇,80.98%)、生态分类(191篇,51.90%)、生化分类(4篇,1.09%)和细胞分类(4篇,1.09%)。基于单一分类方法的研究最多(241篇,65.49%),其中分子分类的使用最多(172篇,46.74%),其次是生态分类(64篇,17.39%);基于2种分类方法的研究次之(125篇,33.97%),其中分子分类与生态分类的联合使用最多(124篇,33.70%);采取3种及以上分类方法的研究较少(2篇,0.54%)。目前,昆虫隐存种鉴定研究主要应用于农业病虫害防治(262篇,71.20%)、物种多样性评估(74篇,20.11%)、疾病防控(27篇,7.34%)和生境保护(6篇,1.63%)等领域。开展昆虫隐存种的研究有利于促进有害生物防控和物种保护,建议未来将整合分类学评估体系纳入到昆虫隐存种研究中并在分类实践中探讨隐存种演化机制。
中文关键词:昆虫纲  隐存种  整合分类学  生物多样性保护
 
Identification techniques for cryptic insect species and their applications in pest control and biodiversity conservation
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Wang Mingyi College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, Hebei Province, China
State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China 
 
Mao Ruirui State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China  
Zhou Hao State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
College of Biological Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 
 
Zhang Chuge State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Anxi College of Tea Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Quanzhou 362406, Fujian Province, China
The State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian Province, China 
 
Wei Shuhua Institute of Plant Protection, Ningxia Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yinchuan 750002, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China  
Zhang Feng College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, Hebei Province, China  
Ouyang Fang State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China ouyangf@ioz.ac.cn 
Abstract:Cryptic species within insects, which are morphologically similar but reproductively isolated, pose significant challenges to species identification and related research. Increasing attention has been directed towards the study of cryptic insect species. Based on a review of 368 selected Chinese literature sources, this paper comprehensively summarizes identification methods of cryptic insect species, along with their potential applications. Since the introduction of DNA barcoding technology in 2003, research on the taxonomy of cryptic insect species has notably escalated. At present, four primary taxonomic methods are utilized: molecular taxonomy (298 papers, 80.98%), ecological taxonomy (191 papers, 51.90%), biochemical taxonomy (four papers, 1.09%), and cytological taxonomy (four papers, 1.09%). The majority of have relied on a single taxonomic method (241 papers, 65.49%), with molecular taxonomy being the most prevalent (172 papers, 46.74%), followed by ecological taxonomy (64 papers, 17.39%). Additionally, a substantial number of studies have employed a combination of two taxonomic methods simultaneously (125 papers, 33.97%), with molecular and ecological taxonomy being the most commonly used (124 papers, 33.70%). Fewer studies have integrated three or more taxonomic methods (two papers, 0.54%). Applications of cryptic insect species identification included agricultural pest control (262 papers, 71.20%), species diversity assessment (74 papers, 20.11%), disease prevention and control (27 papers, 7.34%), and habitat protection (six papers, 1.63%). The exploration of cryptic insect species enhances understanding for effective pest control and species conservation efforts. This study advocates for the integration of a comprehensive taxonomic evaluation system in the future research on cryptic insect species, aiming to elucidate their evolutionary mechanism in taxonomic practices.
keywords:Insecta  cryptic species  integrative taxonomy  biodiversity protection
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