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食物氮含量对意大利蝗生长发育和卵巢面积的影响
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引用本文:陈妍,董化楠,季荣,何岚,张永军,丁国蝉.食物氮含量对意大利蝗生长发育和卵巢面积的影响.植物保护学报,2024,51(3):585-591
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2024.2023099
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陈妍 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 塔城昆虫迁飞生物学野外科学观测研究站, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054  
董化楠 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 塔城昆虫迁飞生物学野外科学观测研究站, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054  
季荣 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 塔城昆虫迁飞生物学野外科学观测研究站, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054  
何岚 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 塔城昆虫迁飞生物学野外科学观测研究站, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054 Heie@sina.com.cn 
张永军 新疆师范大学生命科学学院, 中亚区域跨境有害生物联合控制国际研究中心, 塔城昆虫迁飞生物学野外科学观测研究站, 新疆特殊环境物种保护与调控生物学实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830054 517804636@qq.com 
丁国蝉 玛纳斯蝗虫鼠害预测预报防治站, 新疆 昌吉 832200  
中文摘要:为合理预测意大利蝗Calliptamus italicus的种群动态,分别用1%(对照)、4%和7%氮含量的食物饲喂意大利蝗5龄蝗蝻,测定不同氮含量食物处理后意大利蝗5龄蝗蝻的生长速率,羽化后7 d的体长、股节长、胫节长、翅长、翅宽、体重及羽化后1、7、13和19 d的卵巢面积。结果显示,4%氮含量食物处理试虫的生长速率最大,分别较1%和7%氮含量处理的增加了88.02%和109.33%;4%和7%氮含量食物处理后,意大利蝗成虫的后翅宽和体重均显著高于对照;羽化后7 d,不同氮含量食物处理的意大利蝗卵巢面积出现显著差异,羽化后19 d,4%氮含量食物处理的卵巢面积显著高于其他2个处理。表明中等氮含量(4%氮含量)适宜意大利蝗生长。
中文关键词:氮含量  意大利蝗  生长发育  体型  卵巢面积
 
Effects of nitrogen content in food on the growth, development, and ovarian area of Italian locust Calliptamus italicus
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Chen Yan Xinjiang Special Environmental Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology Laboratory, Tacheng Insect Migration Biology Field Scientific Observation Station, International Research Center for Joint Control of Transboundary Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China  
Dong Huanan Xinjiang Special Environmental Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology Laboratory, Tacheng Insect Migration Biology Field Scientific Observation Station, International Research Center for Joint Control of Transboundary Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China  
Ji Rong Xinjiang Special Environmental Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology Laboratory, Tacheng Insect Migration Biology Field Scientific Observation Station, International Research Center for Joint Control of Transboundary Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China  
He Lan Xinjiang Special Environmental Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology Laboratory, Tacheng Insect Migration Biology Field Scientific Observation Station, International Research Center for Joint Control of Transboundary Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China Heie@sina.com.cn 
Zhang Yongjun Xinjiang Special Environmental Species Conservation and Regulatory Biology Laboratory, Tacheng Insect Migration Biology Field Scientific Observation Station, International Research Center for Joint Control of Transboundary Pests in Central Asia, School of Life Sciences, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China 517804636@qq.com 
Ding Guochan Manas Locust Pest Forecasting and Control Station, Changji 832200, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China  
Abstract:To reasonablly predict the population dynamics of Italian locust Calliptamus italicus, female 5th instar nymphs were fed food containing 1% (CK), 4%, and 7% nitrogen. The growth rate of the 5th instar nymphs was measured, along with body length, femoral length, tibia length, wing length, wing width, and body weight of locusts on the 7th day post-emergence. Additionally, the ovarian area was measured on days 1, 7, 13, and 19 post-emergence following the different nitrogen treatments. Results showed that the growth rate of individuals in the 4% nitrogen group was the highest, increasing by 88.02% and 109.33% compared to the 1% and 7% nitrogen groups, respectively. The hind wing width and body weight of adult locusts in the 4% and 7% nitrogen groups were significantly higher than those in the CK group. On the 7th day post-emergence, the ovarian area of C. italicus differed significantly among the different nitrogen content groups. By the 19th day post-emergence, the ovarian area in the 4% nitrogen group was significantly higher than that in the other two groups. These results indicated that a moderate nitrogen content (4% nitrogen) is suitable for the growth of C. italicus.
keywords:nitrogen content  Calliptamus italicus  growth and development  body size  ovarian area
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