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植保无人机喷施不同雾滴粒径药剂对其在棉花冠层沉积、穿透及脱叶催熟效果的影响
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引用本文:王国宾,王十周,陈鹏超,韩小强,单常峰,陈盛德,兰玉彬.植保无人机喷施不同雾滴粒径药剂对其在棉花冠层沉积、穿透及脱叶催熟效果的影响.植物保护学报,2021,48(3):493-500
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2021.2021837
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作者单位E-mail
王国宾 山东理工大学农业工程与食品科学学院, 淄博 255049  
王十周 山东理工大学农业工程与食品科学学院, 淄博 255049
华南农业大学电子工程学院(人工智能学院), 国家精准农业航空施药技术国际联合研究中心, 广州 510642 
 
陈鹏超 华南农业大学电子工程学院(人工智能学院), 国家精准农业航空施药技术国际联合研究中心, 广州 510642  
韩小强 石河子大学农学院, 新疆 石河子 832003  
单常峰 山东理工大学农业工程与食品科学学院, 淄博 255049  
陈盛德 华南农业大学电子工程学院(人工智能学院), 国家精准农业航空施药技术国际联合研究中心, 广州 510642  
兰玉彬 山东理工大学农业工程与食品科学学院, 淄博 255049
华南农业大学电子工程学院(人工智能学院), 国家精准农业航空施药技术国际联合研究中心, 广州 510642 
ylan@sdut.edu.cn 
中文摘要:为明确植保无人机喷施不同雾滴粒径药剂对其雾滴沉积、穿透以及棉花脱叶催熟效果,试验设置100、150、200和285 μm共4个不同雾滴粒径,用水敏纸测定雾滴在棉花冠层的沉积分布特征,并调查对棉花脱叶率和吐絮率的影响。结果表明,雾滴粒径对于沉积分布特征以及棉花脱叶率和吐絮率均有显著影响。当喷施雾滴粒径为100 μm时,具有最大的雾滴密度;当喷施雾滴粒径为150 μm和200 μm时,具有最大的覆盖度及沉积量;以下部沉积量与中部沉积量的比值为评价指标时,在喷施4个雾滴粒径下植保无飞机喷施雾滴的穿透率为39.4%~63.8%,各雾滴粒径之间差异不显著。在喷施4个雾滴粒径下,2018年和2019年棉花脱叶率分别为74.7%~80.4%和79.3%~88.4%;吐絮率分别为84.9%~92.0%和86.4%~94.2%。表明当喷施雾滴粒径为150 μm或200 μm,具有更高的脱叶率和吐絮率,较适宜棉田植保无人飞机脱叶催熟剂喷施选用。
中文关键词:植保无人机  雾滴粒径  雾滴沉积特征  棉花脱叶率  吐絮率
 
Effect of spraying droplet size with drones on deposition, penetration, and cotton harvest-aid efficacy
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Wang Guobin College of Agricultural Engineering and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China  
Wang Shizhou College of Agricultural Engineering and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China
National Center for International Collaboration Research on Precision Agricultural Aviation Pesticides Spraying Technology(NPAAC), College of Electronics Engineering(College of Artificial Intelligence), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
 
Chen Pengchao National Center for International Collaboration Research on Precision Agricultural Aviation Pesticides Spraying Technology(NPAAC), College of Electronics Engineering(College of Artificial Intelligence), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China  
Han Xiaoqiang Agricultural College, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China  
Shan Changfeng College of Agricultural Engineering and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China  
Chen Shengde National Center for International Collaboration Research on Precision Agricultural Aviation Pesticides Spraying Technology(NPAAC), College of Electronics Engineering(College of Artificial Intelligence), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China  
Lan Yubin College of Agricultural Engineering and Food Science, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China
National Center for International Collaboration Research on Precision Agricultural Aviation Pesticides Spraying Technology(NPAAC), College of Electronics Engineering(College of Artificial Intelligence), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China 
ylan@sdut.edu.cn 
Abstract:To clarify the effects of spray droplet size with drones on deposition, penetration, and cotton harvest-aid efficacy, four groups of droplet sizes (100, 150, 200, and 285 μm) were sprayed, and water-sensitive papers were used to measure the deposition characteristics in the cotton canopy. After application, cotton defoliation rate and boll opening rate were investigated. The results showed that droplet sizes had a significant effect on coverage, the number of droplets, and the amount of deposition, which further affected cotton harvest-aid efficacy. When 100 μm droplets were sprayed, the droplet density in the cotton canopy was the highest. When 150 μm and 200 μm droplets were sprayed, the coverage and deposition amount were largest. Droplet size had no significant effect on the penetration of droplets. The ratios of lower to middle canopy deposition amounts ranged from 39.4% to 63.8%. Under the four droplet sizes sprayed, the cotton defoliation rates were 74.7%-80.4% and 79.3%-88.4% in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The boll opening rates were 84.9%-92.0% and 86.4%-94.2%, respectively. When 150 μm or 200 μm droplets were sprayed, they had a better defoliation and boll opening rate, which is more suitable for drone application in the cotton field.
keywords:drone  droplet size  deposition characteristic  cotton defoliation  boll opening rat
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