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中国大豆病虫害发生现状及全程绿色防控技术研究进展
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引用本文:叶文武,刘万才,王源超.中国大豆病虫害发生现状及全程绿色防控技术研究进展.植物保护学报,2023,50(2):265-273
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2023.2023800
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作者单位E-mail
叶文武 南京农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部大豆病虫害防控重点实验室, 南京 210095  
刘万才 全国农业技术推广服务中心, 北京 100125  
王源超 南京农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部大豆病虫害防控重点实验室, 南京 210095 wangyc@njau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:病虫害频发是制约大豆高产稳产的重要因素之一。中国大豆生产中已知病虫害近500种,产生重大危害的有50余种,造成的大豆产量损失一般为15%~30%,严重时甚至大面积绝收。该文综述了中国大豆生产中主要病虫害的种类、大豆主要产区病虫害的发生现状和全程绿色防控技术的相关研究进展,探讨了当前大豆病虫害防控中存在的问题,并对未来发展方向进行展望,以期为后续开展大豆病虫害监测与绿色防控关键技术的研究与应用提供借鉴。
中文关键词:大豆  病虫害  植物保护  绿色防控技术
 
Occurrence status and whole-process green control technologies for soybean diseases and pests in China
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Ye Wenwu Key Laboratory of Soybean Disease and Pest Control of Ministry ofAgriculture and RuralAffairs, College of Plant Protection, NanjingAgricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu Province, China  
Liu Wancai NationalAgricultural Technology Extension Service Center, Beijing 100125, China  
Wang Yuanchao Key Laboratory of Soybean Disease and Pest Control of Ministry ofAgriculture and RuralAffairs, College of Plant Protection, NanjingAgricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu Province, China wangyc@njau.edu.cn 
Abstract:Frequent occurrence of diseases and pests is one of the important factors restricting high and stable yield of soybean. There have been approximately 500 known diseases and pest insects of soybean in China, more than 50 of which are the most serious, resulting in a yield loss of 15%-30%, and even a large-area crop failure in serious cases. This review summarized the research advances in the main epidemic soybean diseases and pest insects, their occurrence status in main production areas, and the whole-process green control technologies in China, discussed the existing problems in the control of soybean diseases and pest insects, and predicted the future development direction, with a view to providing a reference for further research and application of key technologies for monitoring and green control of soybean diseases and pest insects.
keywords:soybean  disease and pest  plant protection  green control technology
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